Wednesday, December 24, 2008

THE GOLDEN WATERWAY


The Yangtze River stretches nearly 4,000 miles from its source in the Himalayan Mountains eastward to the Yellow Sea covering a region that is home to more than 320 million people.

From China Circulation Tours



The first turn of the Yangtze (Changjiang) at Shigu (石鼓)
Yunnan Province, where the river turns 180 degree
from south- to north-bound
Source Original Photograph
Date: Feb. 2003
Author: Jialiang Gao www.peace-on-earth.org
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains
The Yangzi River gorge
South-western China's Yunnan Province
Source: originally posted to Flickr as Afternoon Light
Date: 2005-02-07 16:21:09
Author Peter Morgan from Beijing, China
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Riverside Development downriver from Gezhouba Dam. Another section of the Yangtze riverside complex where one should imagine cars and bicycles were of no value (From beifanchina.com)



No visible means of access except from the Yangtze River. On the calmer stretch of the river below the dam blocks of flats, factories and wharves had been built on the riverside bank right to the water's edge (From beifanchina.com)



A Remarkable Side Gorge Of The Yangtze River (Almost like a film set with a lush green mountain backdrop! A block of flats perched on the right appeared fairly modern. On the sloping jetty leading to the water's edge stood a small tractor and trailer (From beifanchina.com)



Terraces down the Yangtze River. This part of the Yangtze river embankment was almost covered with terraces mostly stone walled The only access appeared to be from the mighty river itself (From beifanchina.com)



A Side Gorge Of The Yangtze River. Why were these houses built here (at the mouth of a gorge). The only access appears to be from the river. There were many such hamlets and townships and invariably, wherever it was possible on the river embankment. narrow terraces were built in which to grow vegetables. Near the sloping bank of his hamlet, a sampan was moored (From beifanchina.com)



The Yangtze River Map
Taken and Drawn by Christine Yunn-Yu Sun
Copyright: Solid Software Pty Ltd, Australia, 1997-2006



Three Gorges Dam
Copyright 2004-2008 China Odyssey Tours
By Christine Yunn-Yu Sun



The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang (simplified Chinese: 长江; traditional Chinese: 長江; pinyin: Cháng Jiāng), is the longest river in China and Asia, and the third-longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in South America.
The name Yangtze River, as well as various similar names such as Yangtse River, Yangzi River, Yangtze Kiang, etc., is derived from Yangzi Jiang (simplified Chinese: 扬子江; traditional Chinese: 揚子江; pinyin: Yángzǐ Jiāng), which, beginning in the Sui Dynasty, was the Chinese name for the river in its lower reaches, specifically, the stretch between Yangzhou (扬州) and Zhenjiang (镇江).
The name derives from the ancient ferry crossing Yangzi Jin (扬子津, meaning "Yangzi Crossing"). From the Ming Dynasty, the name was sometimes written 洋子 (yángzĭ). Because it was the name first heard by missionaries and traders, this name was applied in English to the entire river. In Chinese, Yangzi Jiang is considered a historical or poetic name for the river. The modern Chinese name, Chang Jiang (长江/長江 Cháng Jiāng), literally means "long river" and may sometimes also be used in English.
Like many rivers, the river is known by different names over its course. At its source, it is called in Chinese the Dangqu (当曲, from the Tibetan for "marsh river"). Downstream, it is called the Tuotuo River (沱沱河) and then the Tongtian River (通天河, literally "river passing through heaven"). Where it runs through deep gorges parallel to the Mekong and the Salween before emerging onto the plains of Sichuan, it is known as the Jinsha River (金沙江 Jīnshā Jiāng, literally "golden sands river").
The Yangtze was earlier known to the Chinese as simply Jiang (江 Jiāng), which has become a generic name meaning "river", or the Da Jiang (大江 Dà Jiāng, literally "great river"). The Tibetan name for the river is Drichu (Tibetan: Wylie: 'bri chu' lit. "river of the female yak"). The Yangtze is sometimes referred to as the Golden Waterway.
Many of China's greatest cities lie along the Yangtze. Except for Shanghai — which was unimportant until the 19th century China trade made it one of the world's great cities — all of these have existed for millennia. Listed from the mouth up the river, they are:
1. Shanghai, great trading port, financial and fashion capital of modern China
Wuxi
2. Yangzhou
3. Nanjing, national capital under several dynasties, rivals Beijing for historical importance, capital of Jiangsu
4. Wuhan, important in 19th century trade and modern industry, capital of Hubei
5. Yichang, gateway to the Three Gorges
6. Chongqing, one of China's largest cities
The river extends far beyond Chongqing; its headwaters are deep in the Tibetan mountains. Few tourists doing the Yangtse route follow the river much beyond Chongqing. However, travelers on the Yunnan tourist trail see some of the upper reaches of the river near Lijiang.
Several other ancient and important cities are not actually on the Yangtze, but readily accessible from it:
1. Hangzhou, capital of Zhejiang — near Shanghai and connected by the Grand Canal to Suzhou and Wuxi
2. Suzhou, famous for gardens and canals, abode of scholars, painters and poets — between Shanghai and Wuxi
3. Chengdu, capital of Sichuan — near Chongqing and on one of the Yangtze's tributaries
Of course there are dozens of smaller cities as well.
The Yangtze flows into the East China Sea and was navigable by ocean-going vessels up to a thousand miles from its mouth even before the Three Gorges Dam was built. As of June 2003, this dam spans the river, flooding Fengjie, the first of a number of towns affected by the massive flood control and power generation project. This is the largest comprehensive irrigation project in the world and has a significant impact on China's agriculture. Its proponents argue that it will free people living along the river from floods that have repeatedly threatened them in the past and will offer them electricity and water transport—though at the expense of permanently flooding many existing towns (including numerous ancient cultural relics) and causing large-scale changes in the local ecology.
Yangtze! Yangtze! - Chapter Thirteen - Equal Treatment for Different ...
An extraordinary collection of interviews, essays, and statements by Chinese scientists, journalists, and intellectuals opposed to the massive Three Gorges dam on China's Yangtze River. Originally published in 1989 as the democracy movement was gathering momentum, Yangtze! Yangtze! is credited with pressuring the State Council to postpone the dam, and inspired the democracy movement by striking an unprecedented blow at powerful state authorities promoting the dam.
Yangtze! Yangtze! By Dai Qing
(Edited by Probe International's Patricia Adams and John G. Thibodeau)(From threegorgesprobe.org)
Google Earth Zoomable Satellite View of the Three Gorges Dam
Copyright ©2008 American Documentary, Inc.
From pbs.org

SUGGESTED CLIPS:
Clip 1: Yangtze Cruise (length 1:03)The clip begins at 2:30 with the quote "I'm heading up river ..." and ends at 3:33 with the quote "... before it all disappears."
Clip 2: The River Swallows Up a Home (length 1:37)The clip begins at 1:17:50 with a shot of Mr. Yu in a blue shirt and ends at 1:19:27 with a shot of the Yu family looking at the river. Copyright ©2008 American Documentary, Inc. (rom pbs.org

Photo Gallery: The Yangtze in Black and White
photographer Linda Butler
Copyright ©2008 American Documentary, Inc.
From pbs.org




A map that shows the location of China
Yangtze River and the Three Gorges Dam
Copyright ©2008 American Documentary, Inc.
(From pbs.org)



Three Gorges Dam in 2006
Source own work
Date: 14.04.06
Author Christoph Filnkößl
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



3 gorges dam at night
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Three Gorges Dam Facts:
The Three Gorges Dam is a part of Yangtze River Three Gorges Project. The project of the dam started on December 14th, 1994 and finished on May 20th, 2006. Now, the dam has the functions of preventing flood, generating electricity, saving water and protecting environment. Besides it has great tourism value.
Chinese Pinyin: Sān Xiá Dà Bà
Length: 2309.47 meters
Height: 185 meters
Width: 126 meters
Location: End of Three Gorges
How to get to Three Gorges Dam: Take a Yangtze River Cruise
Three Gorges Dam has been a dream of Chinese people for a century. The investment of the project is 95.4 billion RMB. In 1994, the project finally began in 1994 and will be finished in 2009. By that time, a giant reservoir with a length of 600 kilometers will be in front of tourists. The depth of water will be heightened to 175 meters. The capability of shipping will be improved to 5000 tons.
(© China Highlights.com)
Project Name: The Three Gorges Dam

Diagram of the dam
(© 1998 Cable News Network, Inc. A Time Warner Company)


Location: Yichang, China
Project Start Date: 1994
Expected Finish Date: 2014
Expected Cost: Over 24 billion USD
Description:
When completed, the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River will be the largest hydroelectric dam in the world.
(From 2008 © iCivilEngineer.com)
The river is one of the world's busiest waterways. Traffic includes commercial traffic transporting bulk goods such as coal as well as manufactured goods and passengers. Cargo transportation reached 795 million tons in 2005.[6][7] River cruises several days long, especially through the beautiful and scenic Three Gorges area, are becoming popular as the tourism industry grows in China.



The Yu family on the banks of the Yangtze in UP THE YANGTZE
a film by Yung Chang, a Zeitgeist Films release.
Photo: Yung Chang
(From zeitgeistfilms.com)



Sampans at te Lesser Three Gorges in UP THE YANGTZE
a film by Yung Chang, a Zeitgeist Films release
Photo: Jonathan Chang
(From zeitgeistfilms.com)


Synopsis of UP THE YANGTZE:
For some, the Three Gorges Dam, the world’s biggest hydroelectric dam, is a symbol of China’s 21st century ambitions. But for millions living on the banks of the mythic Yangtze River it’s the end of their way of life. Forced to relocate before their home is flooded, the impoverished Yu family sends their daughter to work on a cruise-ship ferrying tourists along the river. Onboard, she must learn to communicate with Westerners and struggles to keep hold of her dreams. Up The Yangtze is a powerful, moving, gorgeously shot documentary. The film is winner of the Best Canadian Documentary at the Vancouver International Film Festival and a recent hit at the Sundance Film Festival.
-Elan Mastai
Copyright © 2007–2008 Kingston Canadian Film Festival
The central focus here is on two teenagers, Cindy and Jerry, who are hoping to secure employment on a tour boat which caters to wealthy Westerners. Cindy comes from a very poor family who managed to eke out a living alongside the river, a life that's now endangered because of the massive relocation programme. (The scale of the project is enormous, nearly inhuman; an entire city is now empty.) Jerry is a member of China's burgeoning middle class who comes to his new position with a brash attitude and a certain sense of entitlement. Their stories are simultaneously heartbreaking and affirming.
Shuttling expertly between life above and below decks, the film contrasts the idyllic, bucolic fantasy being presented to the Westerners (they will be the last people to see the river as it once existed) and the people who serve them. The Westerners' lack of awareness of what's going on, either below decks or in the country at large, is chilling. They dress up in traditional Chinese costumes buying a small piece of China's past, and then trash its future, complaining, for example, about the serving staff being too aggressive in relation to tips.
Up the Yangtze was inspired by a trip Yung Chang took to discover his grandfather's China only to find it gone, replaced by a country that's increasingly unrecognizable. Chang intelligently combines the personal essay film – part of the narrative is driven by his perceptive voiceover meditation on the differences between the China of memory and myth and the present-day reality – and the best of exploratory and observational documentary techniques, to powerful effect.

Awards:
1. Full Frame Documentary Film Festival: Winner - Charles Guggenheim Emerging Artist Award (Yung Chang)
2. Hot Docs Canadian International Film Festival: Winner – Don Haig Award
RiverRun Film Festival: Winner – Jury Prize (Best cinematography (Doc), Best Documentary
3. San Francisco Film Festival: Winner – Best Documentary
4. Sundance Film Festival: Nomination - Best Documentary
5. Los Angeles Asian Pacific Film Festival: Winner – Special Jury Prize
6. Vancouver International Film Festival: Winner – Best Canadian Documentary
(From ancasterfilmfest.ca)


Template: Ships on the Yangtze River in Nanjing
Date 2007.1.30
Author: Ryu, Cheol
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flooding along the river has been a major problem. The rainy season in China is May and June in areas south of Yangtze River, and July and August in areas north of it. The huge river system receives water from both southern and northern flanks, which causes its flood season to extend from May to August. Meanwhile, the relatively dense population and rich cities along the river make the floods more deadly and costly. The most recent major floods were the 1998 Yangtze River floods, but more disastrous were the 1954 Yangtze River floods, killing around 30,000 people. Other severe floods included those of 1911, which killed around 100,000, 1931 (145,000 dead), and 1935 (142,000 dead).
The Yangtze is very polluted, especially in Hubei (Shashi District)



Hubei Provincial offices
Ministry of State Security (Guojia Anquan Ting)
and Ministry of Public Security (Gongann Ting)
Wuhan (in Xiongchu Lu, south of Wuchang Train Station)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


China Navigation Company was an early shipping company founded in 1876 in London, initially to trade up the Yangtze River from their Shanghai base with passengers and cargo. Chinese coastal trade started shortly after and in 1883 a regular service to Australia was initiated. Most of the company's ships were seized by Japan in 1941 and services did not resume until 1946. Robert Dollar was a later shipping magnate, who became enormously influential moving Californian and Canadian lumber to the Chinese and Japanese market.
The Chinese Government, too, had steamers. It had its own naval fleet, the Nanyang Fleet, which fell prey to the French fleet. The Chinese would rebuild its fleet, only to be ravaged by another war with Japan (1895) , Revolution (1911) and ongoing inefficiency and corruption. Chinese companies ran their own steamers, but were second tier to European operations at the time.
(From From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)


IJN Izumo at Shanghai
Source Book:Nippon Junyokanshi, 1991
Date: 1937
Author: unknown
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


First modern bridge at Wuhan, China
crossing the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) river
Image taken Sept.22, 2002
Images and composition by User:Leonard G.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Journey to Yangtze River & The Three Gorges of China

(written by Kelvin Khor in Sept 2002 in fredmiranda.com):
Floating down the Yangtze River
(From kylereed.com)
Yangtze
Click here to see more pictures
(From chinatoday.com.cn)
Photos from the Author's Recent Tour of the Region
Great Wall Across the Yangtze
Produced by Susan Connell at the Department of Educational Technology
San Diego State University
ET541 Instructor: Dr. Bob Hoffman
ET570 Instructor: Dr. Bernie Dodge
© 2003, Susan Connell
Yangtze River: 3 Gorges Dam Site
Yangtze River Tour
From tylersterritory.com

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