Sunday, November 28, 2010

FIRST GENERATION OF THE HAGUE SCHOOL




Self portrait
Oil on canvas, undated
Private collection
Source "Het Haagse School boek"
From wikimedia.org


Pieter Florentius Nicolaas Jacobus Arntzenius (9 June 1864 – 16 February 1925) was a Dutch painter, water-colourist, illustrator and printmaker. He is considered a representative of the younger generation of the Hague School.
Arntzenius was born in Surabaya on the island of Java where his father served in the Royal Dutch East Indies Army. In 1875, at the age of 11, he was sent to the Netherlands to Amsterdam to live with his aunt and uncle in order to complete his education.
In 1882 he became a student of Frederik Nachtweh. Under Nachtweh's supervision he gained admission to the Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten. During his time at the Rijksacademie, from 1883 to 1888, his teachers included August Allebé and Barend Wijnveld, and amongst his fellow students were Isaac Israëls, George Breitner, Willem Witsen and Jan Veth.
In 1892 his mother became widowed and moved to The Hague and Arntzenuis also moved there to keep her company. Around the same time his former fellow students Isaac Israëls and George Breitner left The Hague for Amsterdam to be a part of the capital's more vibrant artistic climate. At The Hague the established painters of the first generation of the Hague School dominated artistic life.
(en.wikipedia.org)


Figures On The Noordeinde, The Hague
Watercolor
Private collection
From ARC


A Busy Street, The Hague
Watercolour
Private collection
From ARC


Spuistraat, The Hague
Watercolor and gouache, undated
Source Harmonie en contrast
From wikimedia.org


Spuisraat in Den Haag
From museummesdag.nl


After moving to The Hague in 1892, Arntzenius became rather successful and popular both in Holland and internationally. At that time he began painting spontaneous impressions of the busy city life in The Hague. He particularly excelled in depicting the city during times of inclement weather – often during rainy spells or when the snow had recently fallen.
(alazraki.com)


Mored boats in The Hague
Mixed techniques on paper
From larawijsmuller.com


Rental coaches in the snow
Oil on panel
Source Harmonie en contrast
From wikimedia.org


Plowing farmer in undulating landscape
Watercolor and charcoal
Source Harmonie en contrast
From wikimedia.org


Street in Hoorn (named "West")
View of the cheese weighhouse
Watercolor
Source Harmonie en contrast
From wikimedia.org


A View of A Canal, Scheveningen
Oil on canvas
From wikigallery.org


An Elegant Company On The Beach
Oil on canvas
From wikigallery.org


Dagelijkse dingen
From simonis-buunk.nl


Korte Voorhout, Den Haag
From simonis-buunk.nl


Winderige dag op het Scheveningse strand
From simonis-buunk.nl


Kunstbeschouwing
Source Kunstbeschouwing (Floris Arntzenius) 1888
Author Joop anker
From commons.wikimedia.org


Brouwersgracht te Den Haag
From Peter Pappot Art Gallery's photostream


On the Beach
From artmight.com


Arntzenius was an accomplished artist in several mediums, but especially his watercolours gained high praise. During his first years in The Hague, he painted landscapes in the typical Hague School style. He later switched to mainly painting cityscapes and street scenes, just like Israëls and Breitner made in Amsterdam. Arntzenius' cityscapes were painted mainly in misty or rainy weather; he made use of these weather conditions to have his subjects be reflected on the wet asphalt. He also painted a lot in Scheveningen, which had changed from the poor fishing village it was in the time of Jozef Israëls and Hendrik Willem Mesdag, into a popular seaside resort.
(wikipedia.org)


Portrait of Lide Arntzenius-Doorman
Oil on canvas, undated
Source "Het Haagse School boek"
Gemeentemuseum Den Haag
From wikimedia.org


Arntzenius became a member of the artist's society Pulchri Studio in The Hague in 1892. From 1893 to 1895 he shared Bernard Blommers' former studio with Cornelis Antonie van Waning. He also contributed illustrations to Elsevier Geïllustreerd Maandschrift from 1892 to 1894. In 1896 he was admitted to the Hollandsche Teeken Maatschappij, a society that promoted the medium of watercolours among its members. He got married in 1900, to Lide Doorman, a talented painter of floral still lives, who lived in the house opposite of Arntzenius' mother, together they had four daughters, who he frequently painted.
Though Arntzenius isn't considered to be a relevant artist nowadays, he was appreciated in his own day. He won prizes at the exhibitions of Munich, Venice, Pittsburgh and Brussels and his works sold well during his lifetime. His friends in The Hague included Willem Maris, Willem Bastiaan Tholen, Bernard Blommers and Herman Johannes van der Weele. In 1910 he opened a studio and started taking in students. During this time he mostly painted portraits in commission of wealthy patrons. This he continued to do until he died of tuberculosis in 1925, at the age of 60.
(wikipedia.org)


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