Friday, January 14, 2011

RUSSIAN LANDSCAPE PAINTER




Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov by Ivan Repin
Source/photographer picture.art-catalog.ru
Current LocationTretyakov Gallery, Moscow
From en.wikipedia.org


Portrait of Vasily Dmitrievitch Polenov
By Nikolai Dmitrievitch Kouznetsov
Oil on canvas
From vassilypolenov.com


The very important and famous Russian artist Vasily Polenov was born in St. Petersburg (1844) into an old noble family. The artist's father was a famous historian, archaeologist and bibliographer, and his mother was a children's writer and an amateur painter.
In 1860's Polenov studied simultaneously at St. Petersburg University (physics and mathematics) and at the Academy of Arts. With the graduation from the Academy he was awarded a gold medal and a trip abroad to further improve his artistic skills.
He visited Moscow, where he could see a number of private collections of paintings, then there was Kiev, Vienna and Munich. He made trips to Venice, Florence, Naples. In Italy Polenov made friends with another important Russian artist Ilya Repin.
In Paris Polenov was especially impressed with the artworks of the Barbizon School artists. On return to St.Petersburg he presented more than 50 paintings to the Council of the Academy of Arts as a record of his trip and received the title of Academician.
Soon he went to the Russian-Turkish war, where he was an official artist at the headquarters of the Crown Prince (later Emperor Alexander III). After the war he moved to Moscow and taught the art of painting at the Moscow College of Arts.
(artistsandart.org)


Moscow Courtyard, 1877
Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
From allart.biz


Grandmother's garden, 1878
Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
From Olga's gallery at abcgallery.com


Overgrown Pond
From bestpriceart.com


In the late 1870s, Polenov concentrated on painting landscapes in the realist tradition of Aleksey Savrasov and Fyodor Vasilyev. He attempted to impart the silent poetry of Russian nature, related to daily human life.
He was the one of the first Russian artists who achieved a plein air freshness of color combined with artistic finish of composition The Moscow courtyard, 1878; The Grandmother's garden, 1878; Overgrown pond, 1879 (above). The principles developed by Polenov had a great impact on further development of Russian (and especially Soviet) landscape painting.
(en.wikipedia.org)


Old Gates, Normandy, 1875
Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
From allart.biz


Birch Alley, 1880
From artistsandart.org


On the boat, Abramtsevo, 1880
Oil on canvas
Kiev State Museum of Russian Art, Ukraine
From allart.biz


Old Mill, 1880
Oil on canvas
Serpukhov Art Museum of History
Moscow Region, Russia
From allart.biz


Yard, 1881
Oil on canvas
Kharkiv Art Museum, Ukraine
From allart.biz


Russian Village, 1881
Oil on canvas
Saratov Art Museum, Russia
From allart.biz


The Burnt Forest, 1881
Oil on canvas
Current Location Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
From commons.wikimedia.org


Beirut, 1882
Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
From allart.biz


Pond in Abramtzevo, 1883
Oil on canvas
Private collection, Moscow, Russia
From allart.biz


“The landscapes along the Oka River… are beautiful. I wish we could settle there.” Polenov wrote these words in 1887; in the spring of 1890 he bought an estate in the village of Bekhovo, overlooking the wide water. As he got to know the area, he came to love the views from a nearby hill, and in 1892 built a new house there, which became a museum while he still lived in it. Decorated with works by fellow painters such as Repin, Shishkin and Levitan, the house attracted a stream of tourists.
(themoscownews.com)


Dreams (The Mount), 1890-1900-s
Oil on canvas
The State Russian Museum
St. Petersburg, Russia
From allart.biz


Early snow, 1891
Oil on canvas
Current Location Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
From commons.wikimedia.org


Fall in Abramtsevo, 1898
From artistsandart.org


In the Park
The Village of Veules in Normandy
From bestpriceart.com


Boat on the River
Oil on canvas
From artknowledgenews.com


Spaziergängerin auf einem Waldweg
From fabulousmasterpieces.co.uk


In 1904, Polenov decided to build a charming studio next to the main house. He wrote to his friend, founder of the Pushkin Fine Arts’ Museum, Ivan Tsvetaev: “This summer I was building a studio, but for some reason it turned out to be an Abbey. Nevertheless I am extremely pleased: the window is large, the light is wondrous; I’ve been dreaming of it all my life and now I can hardly believe that this has come true.
(themoscownews.com)


Vasily Polenov working in his studio
From vassilypolenov.com


The portrait room
From vassilypolenov.com


Vasily Polenov in the 1880's
From vassilypolenov.com


Vasily Polenov and his daughter Natalya
From vassilypolenov.com


Vasily Polenov
From vassilypolenov.com


The big house facing Tarusa
From vassilypolenov.com


Polenov was elected a member of St.Petersburg Academy of arts in 1893, and named a People's Artist of the Republic in 1926. For many years, he coached young painters in the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. His pupils included Abram Arkhipov, Isaac Levitan, Konstantin Korovin, and Alexandre Golovine. Polenov's mansion in Borok has been designated a national art museum, and the village was renamed Polenovo to commemorate his name.
(en.wikipedia.org)


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